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• Prepositions are function words. They connect to a noun or a pronoun.
• A prepositional phrase begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun. This noun or pronoun is called the object of the preposition. There is no such thing as a stand alone preposition!
• To + a verb is NOT a preposition. This is called an infinitive. Never cross out an infinitive. You can place infinitives in parentheses.
1 .Cross out any prepositional phrases FIRST
2. Next, to find the subject - ask who or what is the sentence about? Watch out for imperative sentences that give a command -emptied subject: you
3. Last, to find the verb - ask the subject doing in the sentence?
a.A verb phrase is composed of more than one verb - at least one helping verb, plus a main verb.
b.The word NOT or N'T is never a verb. Do not underline it as part of the verb. Put NOT or N'T in a box.
(To the tune of Yankee Doodle)
------- (halfway point)
INSIDE OUT PAST THROUGH
THROUGHOUT UNTIL OUTSIDE